TryHackMe - Bolt

2 minute read

Bolt

Summary

  • Check username and password in Blog’s posts
  • Bolt CMS’s Vulnerability

Network Scanning

$ sudo nmap -sC -sV -T4 -A -oA nmap/bolt.nmap bolt.thm
[sudo] password for twseptian: 
Starting Nmap 7.80 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2020-08-16 22:48 WIB
Nmap scan report for bolt.thm (10.10.46.98)
Host is up (0.22s latency).
Not shown: 997 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp   open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.6p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.3 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   2048 f3:85:ec:54:f2:01:b1:94:40:de:42:e8:21:97:20:80 (RSA)
|   256 77:c7:c1:ae:31:41:21:e4:93:0e:9a:dd:0b:29:e1:ff (ECDSA)
|_  256 07:05:43:46:9d:b2:3e:f0:4d:69:67:e4:91:d3:d3:7f (ED25519)
80/tcp   open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.29 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)
|_http-title: Apache2 Ubuntu Default Page: It works
8000/tcp open  http    (PHP 7.2.32-1)
| fingerprint-strings: 
|   FourOhFourRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found
|     Date: Sun, 16 Aug 2020 15:52:51 GMT
|     Connection: close
|     X-Powered-By: PHP/7.2.32-1+ubuntu18.04.1+deb.sury.org+1
|     Cache-Control: private, must-revalidate
|     Date: Sun, 16 Aug 2020 15:52:51 GMT
|     Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
|     pragma: no-cache
|     expires: -1
|     X-Debug-Token: 045655
|     <!doctype html>
|     <html lang="en">
|     <head>
|     <meta charset="utf-8">
|     <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
|     <title>Bolt | A hero is unleashed</title>
|     <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Bitter|Roboto:400,400i,700" rel="stylesheet">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/theme/base-2018/css/bulma.css?8ca0842ebb">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/theme/base-2018/css/theme.css?6cb66bfe9f">
|     <meta name="generator" content="Bolt">
|     </head>
|     <body>
|     href="#main-content" class="vis
|   GetRequest: 
|     HTTP/1.0 200 OK
|     Date: Sun, 16 Aug 2020 15:52:51 GMT
|     Connection: close
|     X-Powered-By: PHP/7.2.32-1+ubuntu18.04.1+deb.sury.org+1
|     Cache-Control: public, s-maxage=600
|     Date: Sun, 16 Aug 2020 15:52:51 GMT
|     Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
|     X-Debug-Token: 9cc2d0
|     <!doctype html>
|     <html lang="en-GB">
|     <head>
|     <meta charset="utf-8">
|     <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
|     <title>Bolt | A hero is unleashed</title>
|     <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Bitter|Roboto:400,400i,700" rel="stylesheet">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/theme/base-2018/css/bulma.css?8ca0842ebb">
|     <link rel="stylesheet" href="/theme/base-2018/css/theme.css?6cb66bfe9f">
|     <meta name="generator" content="Bolt">
|     <link rel="canonical" href="http://0.0.0.0:8000/">
|     </head>
|_    <body class="front">
|_http-generator: Bolt
|_http-open-proxy: Proxy might be redirecting requests
|_http-title: Bolt | A hero is unleashed
1 service unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version, please submit the following fingerprint at https://nmap.org/cgi-bin/submit.cgi?new-service :
SF-Port8000-TCP:V=7.80%I=7%D=8/16%Time=5F395579%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu%r(Ge
SF:tRequest,1EF5,"HTTP/1\.0\x20200\x20OK\r\nDate:\x20Sun,\x2016\x20Aug\x20
SF:2020\x2015:52:51\x20GMT\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nX-Powered-By:\x20PHP
SF:/7\.2\.32-1\+ubuntu18\.04\.1\+deb\.sury\.org\+1\r\nCache-Control:\x20pu
SF:blic,\x20s-maxage=600\r\nDate:\x20Sun,\x2016\x20Aug\x202020\x2015:52:51
SF:\x20GMT\r\nContent-Type:\x20text/html;\x20charset=UTF-8\r\nX-Debug-Toke
SF:n:\x209cc2d0\r\n\r\n<!doctype\x20html>\n<html\x20lang=\"en-GB\">\n\x20\
SF:x20\x20\x20<head>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<meta\x20charset=\"u
SF:tf-8\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<meta\x20name=\"viewport\"\x20
SF:content=\"width=device-width,\x20initial-scale=1\.0\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<title>Bolt\x20\|\x20A
SF:\x20hero\x20is\x20unleashed</title>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<l
SF:ink\x20href=\"https://fonts\.googleapis\.com/css\?family=Bitter\|Roboto
SF::400,400i,700\"\x20rel=\"stylesheet\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/theme/base-2018/css/bulma\.css\
SF:?8ca0842ebb\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"styleshe
SF:et\"\x20href=\"/theme/base-2018/css/theme\.css\?6cb66bfe9f\">\n\x20\x20
SF:\x20\x20\t<meta\x20name=\"generator\"\x20content=\"Bolt\">\n\x20\x20\x2
SF:0\x20\t<link\x20rel=\"canonical\"\x20href=\"http://0\.0\.0\.0:8000/\">\
SF:n\x20\x20\x20\x20</head>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<body\x20class=\"front\">\n\x
SF:20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<a\x20")%r(FourOhFourRequest,16C3,"HTTP/1
SF:\.0\x20404\x20Not\x20Found\r\nDate:\x20Sun,\x2016\x20Aug\x202020\x2015:
SF:52:51\x20GMT\r\nConnection:\x20close\r\nX-Powered-By:\x20PHP/7\.2\.32-1
SF:\+ubuntu18\.04\.1\+deb\.sury\.org\+1\r\nCache-Control:\x20private,\x20m
SF:ust-revalidate\r\nDate:\x20Sun,\x2016\x20Aug\x202020\x2015:52:51\x20GMT
SF:\r\nContent-Type:\x20text/html;\x20charset=UTF-8\r\npragma:\x20no-cache
SF:\r\nexpires:\x20-1\r\nX-Debug-Token:\x20045655\r\n\r\n<!doctype\x20html
SF:>\n<html\x20lang=\"en\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<head>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\
SF:x20\x20\x20<meta\x20charset=\"utf-8\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0<meta\x20name=\"viewport\"\x20content=\"width=device-width,\x20initial
SF:-scale=1\.0\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x2
SF:0\x20\x20<title>Bolt\x20\|\x20A\x20hero\x20is\x20unleashed</title>\n\x2
SF:0\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20href=\"https://fonts\.googleapis\
SF:.com/css\?family=Bitter\|Roboto:400,400i,700\"\x20rel=\"stylesheet\">\n
SF:\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/
SF:theme/base-2018/css/bulma\.css\?8ca0842ebb\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20
SF:\x20\x20<link\x20rel=\"stylesheet\"\x20href=\"/theme/base-2018/css/them
SF:e\.css\?6cb66bfe9f\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20\t<meta\x20name=\"generator\"\x2
SF:0content=\"Bolt\">\n\x20\x20\x20\x20</head>\n\x20\x20\x20\x20<body>\n\x
SF:20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20\x20<a\x20href=\"#main-content\"\x20class=\"v
SF:is");
No exact OS matches for host (If you know what OS is running on it, see https://nmap.org/submit/ ).
TCP/IP fingerprint:
OS:SCAN(V=7.80%E=4%D=8/16%OT=22%CT=1%CU=32108%PV=Y%DS=2%DC=T%G=Y%TM=5F3955A
OS:5%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu)SEQ(SP=105%GCD=1%ISR=10C%TI=Z%CI=Z%II=I%TS=A)OPS
OS:(O1=M508ST11NW7%O2=M508ST11NW7%O3=M508NNT11NW7%O4=M508ST11NW7%O5=M508ST1
OS:1NW7%O6=M508ST11)WIN(W1=F4B3%W2=F4B3%W3=F4B3%W4=F4B3%W5=F4B3%W6=F4B3)ECN
OS:(R=Y%DF=Y%T=40%W=F507%O=M508NNSNW7%CC=Y%Q=)T1(R=Y%DF=Y%T=40%S=O%A=S+%F=A
OS:S%RD=0%Q=)T2(R=N)T3(R=N)T4(R=Y%DF=Y%T=40%W=0%S=A%A=Z%F=R%O=%RD=0%Q=)T5(R
OS:=Y%DF=Y%T=40%W=0%S=Z%A=S+%F=AR%O=%RD=0%Q=)T6(R=Y%DF=Y%T=40%W=0%S=A%A=Z%F
OS:=R%O=%RD=0%Q=)T7(R=Y%DF=Y%T=40%W=0%S=Z%A=S+%F=AR%O=%RD=0%Q=)U1(R=Y%DF=N%
OS:T=40%IPL=164%UN=0%RIPL=G%RID=G%RIPCK=G%RUCK=G%RUD=G)IE(R=Y%DFI=N%T=40%CD
OS:=S)

Network Distance: 2 hops
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

TRACEROUTE (using port 993/tcp)
HOP RTT       ADDRESS
1   335.82 ms 10.9.0.1
2   335.93 ms bolt.thm (10.10.46.98)

OS and Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 71.13 seconds

Enumeration

port 80 - apache default page & port 8000 is bolt cms

01

we got some credential account

eae2ef8b4e9f6a0316b8c9788b43a525.png

username : bolt

6b79fe3a7353581fc7a28f389aaee279.png

password : boltadmin123

from the bolt’s documentation,we will know about login url http://[ipaddress]:8000/bolt/login. let put username and password

we found the version of cms

ebb208ee9b952545ee79b922d0a23d6b.png

Bolt 3.7.1

exploit

d4f9ff6ae8eb203ca9b5af3bce340c55.png

metasploit

78f36b854cd7e0e90647173ec8507561.png

https://www.rapid7.com/db/modules/exploit/unix/webapp/bolt_authenticated_rce

Exploitation using Metasploit

9a5b007ad2775be62e00c6735968d0a1.png

fb06fc2af9833cbdc1450c97350ebf30.png

flag.txt

7aa6351639ef055256865e93aceb6f80.png

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Updated:

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